マスダール計画

アラブ首長国連邦(UAE)のアブダビ首長国政府は21日、環境負荷の低い新エネルギー開発の初期投資として150億ドル(約1兆6000億円)をあてると発表した。産油国の環境対策では異例の巨額資金を投入する。新エネルギーの利用で国内石油需要を抑え一定の原油輸出量を確保すると同時に、地球温暖化を巡り産油国に向けられる非難を和らげる。
 温暖化ガスの排出量を削減する新エネルギー開発を主導、エネルギー技術に関する知的財産権を確保する狙いもある。
 この計画はアブダビのムハンマド皇太子が明かした。マスダール(アラビア語で「源」の意味)計画と呼ばれ、皇太子が監督する「アブダビ未来エネルギー公社」が担当する。2月にもアブダビで温暖化ガスの発生を極力抑える特別地区の建設を始める。将来はここに5万人が住むことを想定、太陽光発電などで環境負荷の低いエネルギーだけを供給する計画だ。

ラシッド港 (Port Rashid)

<再開発>
Jebel Ali港 発展に伴い、港湾拠点としての重点が移管しつつある。 Nakheelは2008年1月に、Port Rashidの再開発を発表。NakheelはPort Rashidを今後ともドバイ主要港としての位置を占めると共に、歴史的な存在価値及びその保全にも配慮しつつ、再開発を行う予定。同再開発に拠りPort Rashid 周辺の住民が約200,000への増加を見込まれている。

Port Rashidでは現ターミナルは7年前に建設されたが、Dubai Maritime City建設開始に伴い、クルーズ客を受け入れを一時停止。新ターミナルは2009年冬に完成予定だが、仮設設備で2~3年程度しか使用されない。恒久設備はDubai Maritime City内部に4~5年以内に完成する。

<再開発企業>
2008年7月 Boskalis社はDEME(ベルギー)と50%出資の合弁を組み、Nakheelよりラッシド港再開発 掘削工事を総額$544 milで受注。2009年3月 同社は工事遅延を懸念し、計上を延期したと発表。


Dubai opened its first swanky cruise terminal in 2001. It was able to attract major European-based cruise operator Costa Crociere, which launched its regular winter Gulf cruises out of Dubai in 2006.

Tourists coming by sea have grown dramatically since the European operator decided to hub out of Dubai for seven-day cruises that cover Abu Dhabi, Fujairah, Muscat and Bahrain.

Massive construction and land reclamation work in the Port Rashid area means the existing cruise terminal building can no longer be used for immigration and customs procedures.

Cruise ships operated by Costa this winter are docking at a berth some distance away from the old terminal. A makeshift tent facility has been erected to receive passengers.

At a press conference aboard the AIDAdiva on Thursday, Costa officials described the temporary arrangements as "a mess" and asked for better facilities as their passengers had high expectations of Dubai.

Step backward

They said after the successful operation at the closed terminal it is a "step backward" for Dubai's cruise tourism.

DTCM has promised its will make all possible efforts to provide better facilities within the constraints imposed by the construction work.

Michael Ungerer, senior vice-president of operations at AIDA Cruises, said the company has contributed significantly to Dubai's sea tourist arrivals from some key European markets and "deserves" better ground facilities.


Inconvenience
Apart from the unattractive sight of construction work, passengers also find a shortage of taxis, shuttle buses and excursion tours. "The view is not very nice," German tourist Roland Kuehnel said as he waited for a taxi.
While not happy with ground facilities, Foschi said he remained committed to expand his Dubai operations next year.
"We will come back with better tonnage and better ships next year," he said.

Additionally for the 2009-10 season, the group's Costa Europa ship will make eight journeys of 18 days each from Savona in Italy to Dubai. The itinerary will include several port calls in Egypt and Yemen. Dubai will get about 90 cruise ship calls for the whole of 2008 and Costa group will account for 70 to 80 of them, according to Bin Mejren.

Costa brought 105,000 tourists to Dubai in the 2007-08 winter season and during the 2008-09 season the number is projected at 178,000.

The group brings mostly European tourists to Dubai with key groups being German, Italian, French, Spanish, British and Americans.

Apart from AIDAdiva, other Costa ships being deployed in the region this winter are Costa Victoria, Costa Classica and AIDAbella.

The Costa officials said the company's presence in the region has prompted some other European cruise operators to consider similar operations.

ユニバース(The Universe)

The Universeはナキール(Nakheel) がドバイ沖、Palm JumeirahとPalm Deiraの間に、The Worldを取り巻く様に建設計画中のリゾート島群。 太陽系の惑星を模した人口諸島の埋め立てを行う所から、The Universe(宇宙)と名づけられたこのリゾートは、2023年前後に完成予定。

2008年現在、環境アセスメントと採算性の検討が進められて居り、続いてMasterPlanを策定予定。

総面積 3,000 ha、





Dredging - Van Oord (The World, Palm Islandsと同じ)

<年表>
2008/01/ Nakheelが計画公表

<過去新聞報道>
http://www.arabianbusiness.com/508605-nakheel-to-launch-island-mega-project?ln=en

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